Environmental considerations are becoming more and more pressing in Hanoi, because of a rapid increase in population, and because of industrial development. As a response, the Hanoi Popular Committee is trying to promote public and private investments in order to upgrade infrastructures in this sector. During the COP 21 Paris Summit (December 2015), concurrent to the state-level negotiations, the Île-de-France region and its international partners (including the Hanoi Popular Committee) wanted to emphasize the role of local governments in the fight against climate change. The issue of a joint statement following a seminar in Paris on the 15th of April 2015 was a first-step to reinforce cooperation in environmental protection and climate change mitigation.
Following its successful experience in waste management the periurban district of Gia Lam, the IMV wishes to operate at the regional scale. To this end, it will call upon expertise from Ile-de-France firms working in waste combustion (one of the priorities of the Hanoi Popular Committee for the 2015-2020 period) and in faecal sludge management.
Atmospheric and aquatic pollution are acute issues in Hanoi. The Popular Committee recently approved the construction of air and water quality monitoring stations. The Department for Environmental Protection is in charge of implementing this project.
Vietnam is one of the countries most impacted by climate change. As part of its national strategy against climate change, the Department for Environmental Protection of Hanoi is in charge of elaborating an integrated approach for environmental data management. As the capital city grows, environmental problems become more and more pressing in urban and periurban areas. First, the quantity of household waste has increased dramatically and causes serious issues for waste collection and treatment. Second, industrial and household wastewater is polluting all aquatic environments of Hanoi’s peripheral villages. Water pollution is thus a health hazard for local populations, as well as an environmental problem. Illegal waste dumping is more and more prevalent, causing both visual and environmental pollution.
The key to bettering the lives of local populations and preserving the environment is to find rather simple solutions that follow a sustainable development approach.
The Région Île-de-France has a “Climate, air and energy” Plan, and has experience and expertise in dealing with these problems at a regional scale. It can thus provide assistance to the Popular committee in the form of trainings, studies, or international seminars.